What are Different Types of Sleep Disorder

Sleep Disorders are also called Dysomnias which means either difficulty either starting, maintaining or waking from sleep. They can exist in various forms. Here is a list of 79 different kinds of sleeping disorder manifestions:

Intrinsic Sleep Disorders

  1. Psychophysiological insomnia
  2. Sleep state misperception
  3. Idiopathic insomnia
  4. Narcolepsy
  5. Recurrent hypersomnia
  6. Idiopathic hypersomnia
  7. Posttraumatic hypersomnia
  8. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
  9. Central sleep apnea syndrome
  10. Central alveolar hypoventilation syndrome
  11. Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD)
  12. Restless legs synderome (RLS)

Extrinsic Sleep Disorder

  1. Inadequate sleep hygiene
  1. Environmental sleep disorder
  2. Altitude insomnia
  3. Adjustment sleep disorder
  4. Insufficient sleep syndrome
  5. Limit-setting sleep disorder
  6. Sleep-onset association disorder
  7. Food allergy insomnia
  8. Nocturnal eating (drinking) syndrome
  9. Hypnotic-dependent sleep disorder
  10. Stimulant-dependent sleep disorder
  11. Alcohol-dependent sleep disorder
  12. Toxin-induced sleep disorder

Circadian rhythm sleep disorder

  1. Time zone change syndrome (Jet lag)
  2. Shift-work sleep disorder
  3. Irregular sleep-wake pattern
  4. Delayed sleep-phase syndrome
  5. Advanced sleep-phase syndrome
  6. 24-hour sleep-wake syndrome


Arousal Disorders

  1. Confusional arousals
  2. Sleepwalking
  3. Night terrors

Sleep-wake transition disorders

  1. Rhythmic movement disorder
  2. Sleep starts
  3. Sleep talking
  4. Nocturnal leg cramps

Parasomnias associated with REM-Sleep

  1. Nightmares
  2. Sleep paralysis
  3. Impaired sleep-related penile erections
  4. Sleep-related painful erections
  5. REM sleep-related sinus arrest
  6. REM sleep behavior disorder

Other Parasomnias

  1. Sleep bruxism
  2. Sleep enuresis (bedwetting)
  3. Sleep-related abnormal swallowing syndrome
  4. Sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome
  5. Primary snoring
  6. Infant sleep apnea
  7. Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome
  8. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
  9. Benign neonatal sleep myoclonus

Medical and Psychiatric Sleep Disorders

Sleep Disorders Associated with Medical Disorder

  1. Alcoholism
  2. Sleeping sickness
  3. Nocturnal cardiac ischemia
  4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  5. Asthma
  6. Sleep-related gastroesophageal reflux
  7. Peptic ulcer
  8. Fibrositis syndrome

Sleep problems associated with neurological disorders

  1. Degenerative brain disorders
  2. Sleep-related epilepsy
  3. Sleep-related headaches

Sleep problems associated with psychiatric disorders

  1. Psychoses
  2. Mood disorders
  3. Anxiety disorders
  4. Panic disorders

Not-so-Discrete (not categorized yet) sleep disorders

  1. Short sleepers
  2. Sleep deprived
  3. Long sleepers
  4. Subwakefulness syndrome
  5. Fragmentary syndrome
  6. Sleep hyperhydrosis
  7. Menstrual-associated sleep disorders
  8. Pregnancy-associated sleep disorders
  9. Terrifying hypnagogic hallucinations
  10. Sleep-related laryngospasm
  11. Sleep chocking syndrome

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